Near the Gulf of Guinea, you’ll find the active volcano, Mount Cameroon. It is sometimes called Fako or Cameroon Mountain. Mount Cameroon is the highest point in the sub-Saharan desert. It is part of the Cameroon Volcanic Line, which includes Lake Nyos, site of the 1986 volcanic disaster. The most recent eruption was in 2000, but on February 3, 2012, there were smaller explosions.
Why Is It Famous?
Mount Cameroon is famous for a few reasons, one of which is that it is the most active volcano in West Africa. It is also one of the rare volcanoes that have dated eruptions from back to BC. It has an eruption about every 10-20 years. Some hikers like to climb some of its in-active peaks.
What Is Nearby?
Located on the coast of West Cameroon, near the Gulf of Guinea is Mount Cameroon. Surrounded by hills and valleys full of rainforests, it is home to rich biodiversity.
The foundation is Precambrian metamorphic rocks with Quaternary and Cretaceous sediment coverings. It is predominantly composed of basalt-to-trachybasalt forms. There are over 100 cinder cones. These small masses are found in the lowlands and flanks, parallel to the large volcano.
Events in Time
Carthaginian Hanno the Navigator was the first to create a written observation of the volcano’s activity around 500 BC. The eruption of 1992 covered the southwestern flank in lava all the way to the Atlantic coast. The 1999 eruption sent lava that stopped just 200 miles from the sea. Mary Kingsley was one of the first to explore the mountain. She was from Europe and gave an account in “Travels in West Africa,” her 1897 memoir.
Mount Cameroon is the fourth highest peak in Africa, measuring 13,451 feet above sea level. It is an active volcano with a bare summit surrounded by rainforests. It is the most active of the West African volcanoes.