Mount Damavand is a stratovolcano that is the highest volcano within Asia.

Why Is It Famous?

Mount Damavand’s fame comes from its status as Asia’s highest volcano. It has an elevation of 5,609.2 meters. The volcano is also famously part of Persian folklore and mythology. In the folklore, it represents resistance against foreign rule and despotism. The volcano is also the world’s twelfth most prominent peak and the second-most prominent peak within Asia. Mount Damavand is also famous for being part of the mountaineering challenge known as the Volcanic Seven Summits.

What Is Nearby?

This mountain sits in the center of the Alborz range, which places it close to the Caspian Sea’s southern coast. It is 66 kilometers to the northeast of Tehran and is in Amol County of Mazandaran Province.

Geological Description

The cone of Mount Damavand is steep and made up of lava flows and ash, mostly andesite, trachyte, and basalt. There are also Quaternary lavas right on Jurassic sediments. The crown of the volcano has a small crater containing sulfuric deposits. It also features travertine deposits, hot springs, and fumaroles. Geologists consider the volcano potentially active due to the fumaroles by the summit crater that emit sulfur.

Most of the mineral hot springs associated with Mount Damavand are by its base and flanks. This indicates that there is volcanic heat close to the earth’s surface. Geologists recognize this as an indication that a magma body is still under the volcano, whether it is cooling or hot.

Events in Time

The volcano’s first eruption was during the Pleistocene, nearly 1.78 million years ago. The most recent eruption was during the Holocene, around 5,300 B.C. There were also eruptions about 600,000 and then 280,000 years ago.


Mount Damavand is a stratovolcano that is potentially active thanks to the presence of sulfur and hot springs. It has not erupted in thousands of years. This volcano is also the highest volcano within Asia and the tallest peak in Iran.