Pico Cristobal Colon stands as the highest mountain within Colombia, offering a focal point. It was named in honor of Christopher Columbus.

Why Is It Famous?

This mountain’s main claim to fame is its status as the country’s highest mountain. It measures 5,700 meters (18,700 feet) tall.

What Is Nearby?

The Pico Cristobal Colon is in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta Range, which also holds Pico Simon Bolivar. It is in the Magdalena Department of Colombia.

Geological Description

In addition to a height of 5,700 meters, Pico Cristobal Colon has a prominence of 5,508 meters and isolation of 1,287 meters. The closest peak to it, which is taller, is Cayambe, a volcano in Ecuador.

The elevation of Pico Cristobal Colon is nearly identical to that of Pico Simon Bolivar, making the two mountains as the highest mountains in the country. Both of those mountains have SRTM data that show elevations of around 5,700 meters, meaning that some experts are not sure which is taller. Because of its location in the extreme northern portion of the country and its proximity to the coast, the Pico Cristobal Colon has high humidity with extremely heavy precipitation. As such, the top of the Pico de Cristobal Colon features a permanent snowcap due to its height.

Events in Time

The first people to climb Pico Cristobal Colon did so in 1939. They were W. Wood, E. Praolini, and A. Bakerwell. The easiest route to climb follows the basic snow and ice climb. This mountain is less sought after than others by climbing enthusiasts, possibly due to the lack of interest of locals.


Pico Cristobal Colon is a mountain that is the highest mountain in Colombia and part of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta. It is very close to the other highest peak in the country, the Pico Simon Bolivar.