Yushan, also written as Yu-Shan, is Taiwan Island’s highest mountain. It is also known as Jade Mountain.
Why Is It Famous?
The fame of Yushan comes from its elevation of 3,952 meters, which makes it the highest mountain found on Taiwan Island. The existence of this mountain means that Taiwan has the fourth-highest maximum elevation of all islands in the world. The mountain is also the highest point outside of the Kamchatka Peninsula in the western Pacific.
What Is Nearby?
Yushan, as well as the mountains around it, are part of the Yushan Range. The mountains are part of the Yushan National Park.
The area that includes Yushan was previously within the ocean. This may have been as recently as about 250 million years ago during the Paleozoic Era. The Eurasian Plate moved over the Philippine Sea Plate, causing the area to rise. This also led to the creation of 165 mountains that sit over 3,000 meters above sea level on the fairly small island.
Yushan holds the highest Tropic of Cancer point. It is also the only point in the circle of latitude that holds Quaternary glaciation evidence. There may have been permanent ice caps on the highest mountains in this area, including Yushan, as recently as 17,000 years ago. This was a result of the wet climate.
The Yushan National Park is the country’s national park that is the highest, largest, and least accessible. It has the biggest wilderness tract in Taiwan along with endemic species and pristine forests. The nearby ocean is incredibly deep, reaching over 4,000 meters deep just 50 kilometers from the coast.
Events in Time
In July 2009, Yushan was one of just 28 finalists for the New7Wonders of Nature campaign.
The highest mountain in Taiwan, Yushan is part of the Yushan Range and has the Yushan National Park. It is remote yet popular for hiking and mountain climbing.